The First Climate Treaty – The Montreal Protocol

Chlorofluorocarbons and Ozone Depletion – A National Historic Chemical Landmark

Molina, Mario J., and F. Sherwood Rowland. “Stratospheric sink for chlorofluoromethanes: chlorine atom-catalysed destruction of ozone.” Nature 249.5460 (1974): 810. (the first ozone hole paper)

Environmental Protection Agency. “Regulatory Impact Analysis: Protection of Stratospheric Ozone.” (1988).

The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Summary – Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

The Hole – A film on the Montreal Protocol, narrated by Sir David Attenborough

Negotiating the Montreal Protocol on Protecting the Ozone Layer – interview with one of the State Department negotiators.

NASA Ozone Watch

Financing the Montreal Protocol in the developing world

Report on the World Bank Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol (2007)

Peter M. Morrisette, The Evolution of Policy Responses to Stratospheric Ozone Depletion, 29 Nat. Resources J. 793 (1989). (Available at:

Sunstein, Cass R. “Of Montreal and Kyoto: A Tale of Two Protocols.” Envtl. L. Rep. News & Analysis 38 (2008): 10566.

EPA, Stratospheric Ozone Protection: 30 Years of Progress and Achievements (2017)

United Nations Environment Programme. Ozone Secretariat. Handbook for the Montreal protocol on substances that deplete the ozone layer. UNEP/Earthprint, 2018.

World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Executive Summary: Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 2018, World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project – Report No. 58, 67 pp., Geneva, Switzerland, 2018.

Velders, Guus JM, et al. “The importance of the Montreal Protocol in protecting climate.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104.12 (2007): 4814-4819.



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